What is the promise to Abraham? If
you're an ex-WCG member, you may think you know, but you may also be
If you're from the WCG, you've
heard it many times. But looking at it from the plain statements of
Paul may provide insights that would directly challenge all
religions and simply put them out of business.
From looking at Romans 8:7 and Godel's theorem, we realize it is impossible to package all truth in
one system, and the expected result is to be an increase of religious
ideas into the thousands, or even into infinity, given enough time.
This would lead us to at least
two logical conclusions:
1. There is no God
2.If there is a God, then that God has
no intention of being discovered in such a way that his existence can
be known in any provable fashion
In Matthew 24, we see that the
disciples asked Jesus about the end time. His first warning was to
"take heed that no man deceive you, for many shall come in my
name, and shall deceive many".
So now we are faced with an
impossible decision from any physical perspective, since there is no
way to know if we can reach a truth that is consistent with God, and
if our minds are enmity against God, how do we ever know that what we
find is truth?
The fact is, we can't. If we
could, then it could be shown to the world, and if shown to the
world, then there would be no need for the 38,000 varieties of
Christianity we have today. Nor would there even be a need for
separation of church and state, since both could simply be combined
into one government.
After warning his disciples of
other events, he returned to his original warning in Matthew 24:24
"For there shall arise false Christ's and false prophets, and
shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were
possible, they shall deceive the very elect".
If you're ex-WCG, you've heard
this many times, and you once believed you were one of those very
elect, because we kept the law. Now, however, you know better. You
also know that simply attempting to keep the law will result in a
confusion of interpretations as to how it should be kept.
But don't feel bad, because
that's what happened to Israel as well. By the time Jesus walked the
earth, the Jews were a religion of incredible diversity, many
different ideas and interpretations as to what God expected.
From this we may add another
possibility to the ones above:
3.God intends diversity
Of course, if there is no God,
then we can eliminate the second two altogether, but the results will
be the same of the second two possibilities are correct.
So, working from the possibility
of the last two conclusions, there is no likelihood whatever that we
can ever develop any working hypothesis demonstrating a religion as
Faced with these two conclusions,
there is only one possible correct choice to make in regard to the
38,000 varieties of Christian religions, and Jesus told us plainly in
Matthew 24 what that choice is:
Verse 23: "Then if any
man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there,
believe it not."
In other words, there is only one
correct choice to make: Don't follow any religion, period!
The apostle Paul carries this to
a more powerful conclusion with his teaching on the promise to
Abraham. We assume that the children of Israel were the fulfillment
of that promise. Paul says no!
If it wasn't about Israel, then
who was it about? Before Paul goes in to the explanation of this
promise, he makes some controversial statements. First he tells us
that the natural mind is enmity against God and cannot be subject to
His laws, then Paul tells us that God already knows his children and
has predestined them in advance!
Okay, let's assume that God is
all knowing. If so, then Paul's statement is logical from that point
of view. God would certainly know this in advance. There would be no
escaping it. But then Paul goes to explaining this promise made to
Abraham in the next chapter.
Romans 9:7: Neither, because they
are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, "In Isaac shall
thy seed be called."
Okay, what's the big deal?
Descendants of Abraham are also descendants of Isaac. So what is Paul
In verse 8, Paul seems to repeat
himself. "That is, they which are the children of the
flesh(Israel), these are not the children of God:
but the children of the promise are counted for the
Here comes an interesting
distinction. The physical descendants are not God's children, but
children of the promise are!
Verse 9: "For this is the
word of promise, 'At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a
Wait a minute! Is Paul saying
what I think he is? Are all those mentioned in Romans 8:29-30
actually born in just the same fashion as Isaac? When God made
his promise to Abraham was God actually saying that there would be
children born throughout history, foreknown by God, as Isaac was,
predestined by God, as Isaac was, and called by God, as Isaac was?
If there is a God who does not
intend for us to discover Him by our efforts, it would make sense to
conclude that if there is a God, then that God would actually be
doing the selection process just as He promised Abraham!
Well, why not look at Galatians
3:29: "And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and
heirs according to the promise."
Can we assume that all true
Christians, those described in Romans 8:29-30, are all born in just
the same fashion as Isaac was?
Galatians 4:28: "Now we
brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise."
In Galatians 3:17, Paul tells us
that the law came four hundred thirty years after the promise, so the
When you think about it, this is
pure brilliance! People can struggle for their own vision of God,
seek answers that they will never find, and all the time guaranteeing
that, just as Jesus said in Matthew 10:34-38, there will be
increasing freedom and division right down to the individual level!
God would be in complete control
of his promise to Abraham, and people would struggle among themselves
trying to organize for a truth they can never achieve, guaranteeing
freedom throughout history!
Absolutely brilliant in all its
simplicity! Two birds killed with one stone, and God keeps his
promise to Abraham! If there is a God, wouldn't you expect this very
brilliance and simplicity? And, when the elect are resurrected, they
are trained to be rulers, and then the rest are raised to be taught
the truths of freedom!
2 Peter 2:19: "While they
promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption:
for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage."
We have 38,000 versions of
Christianity and growing in numbers, all promising us liberty of we
just join in. Yet the verse above says that whatever overcomes a man
The choice is so incredibly
obvious we simply cannot see it! Jesus quoted Isaiah in Matthew
"By hearing ye shall hear,
and shall not understand, and seeing ye shall see, and shall not
We can't see it because we're looking for a structured, geometric relationship of laws that relate
in an organizational form. The answer stares us in the face because
it cannot be structured in any algorithmic fashion. There is no
structured decision procedure to get there! The only correct choice
you can make is freedom!
Of all the 38,000 varieties of
Christianity in the US, there seems to be one belief they all have in
common. Can you guess what it is?
Taxes. Virtually every one of
them say we have to pay taxes, "render unto Caesar."
Even the old WCG never let us back out on our tax responsibilities.
It's time we looked at this
"render unto Caesar" thing and understood what Jesus was
First, we can see from history
that the Pharisees didn't like Rome. The ones who backed Rome were
the Quisling Sadducees, the priests who were appointed to power by
the Roman government. But Pharisees? Nah, they cared nothing for tax
collectors, whom they called "publicans" and asked Jesus
why he insisted on even associating with such people. Jesus' answer,
of course, was that he didn't come to save the righteous, but
There you have it! In the plain
words of Jesus, tax collectors were sinners. The Pharisees believed,
and Jesus believed it.
So we get to the big scripture.
The Pharisees we are told were trying to tempt Jesus. Most likely,
they were trying to get him to declare what he was going to do,
either challenge the Romans or side with the Sadducees. So they asked
him a question:
"Is it lawful to render
tribute to Caesar?"
Instead of answering them right
there in front of possible Sanhedrin Sadducees, Roman soldiers, and
the Pharisee themselves, Jesus simply asked for a coin. Have you ever
noticed that Jesus never seemed to carry coins? Even when Peter was
asked if his master paid taxes, Jesus told Peter to go cast the net,
and he would catch a fish with a proper coin in its mouth.
This shouldn't seem odd. Jesus
taught that a camel could go through the eye of a needle easier than
a rich man could enter the kingdom of heaven. Jesus taught that you
cannot serve God and mammon, and Jesus even seemed to advise against
corporations in Luke 12.
So, it's not unusual that Jesus
would never carry coins.
Any way, they found him a coin.
he held it up and asked "Whose image is on this coin?"
They answered "Caesar's."
If you never heard of "God's law"
or read it, this question would mean nothing to you. It seemed to
say, to any outsider, that Jesus was actually saying "give to
Caesar what he desires" but if you know God's law, you know
The Pharisees, whatever their
flaws, were sticklers for the law, so they knew instantly what Jesus
was telling them.
When Jesus mentioned Caesar's
image, he tied four subjects together: images, law, money, and taxes.
The Pharisees knew they were NOT to pay taxes to Caesar, because they
knew the second commandment said they shouldn't.
That would be like me asking you
"According to the United States law, should we pay taxes to
China?" You think the IRS agent would say "Yes, give to
China what they require, and then give to us."
There was no law in God's law
requiring Israel to pay taxes to other nations. They were God's
chosen. They were not to be part of other nations, so they certainly
wouldn't pay taxes to other nations, especially if the law said they
could not bow down to any kind of image!
And besides, in the U.S. today,
there is no Caesar. There is no king. All men are created
equal, so if we pay taxes, there is only one sovereign to whom we
should pay taxes, either ourselves as "Caesar" or to God.
Since I am a sovereign individual, I am not required to pay taxes.
And, if the 1st Amendment says
congress shall make no law regarding establishment of religion or
prohibiting free exercise thereof, we don't have to pay taxes,
especially if those taxes are based on "legal tender" that
is nowhere legalized in the Constitution!
It makes you wonder, exactly who
do these churches serve, anyway?
Daniel II and Economics
In Daniel 2, we read that the
Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar had a dream about a great image, and
sought Daniel to interpret his dream. The dream was about a great
image of a man who had a head of gold, breast and arms of silver,
belly and thighs of brass legs of iron and feet part of iron and part
It quickly became apparent to me
that the description of fine metals was obviously a reference to
money, trade, and commerce. I had also read about the statement of
the historian Arnold Toynbee, who described the process of history as
one of "etherialization". That merely describes a process
of developing technology in which more and more is done with less and
less. Buckminster Fuller called it "ephemeralization".
For example, we once had a very
mechanical and specialized society with functions being separated
according to the specialties of each function. With the development
of electricity, however, we began combining more and more functions
into one main process, until today we have desktop computers
that act not only as a mail service, but also can direct and control
the flow of information, and we can, at our own home, perform
many functions for which we once had to pay others. This combination
of more and more into less and less was the object of Toynbee's
If we look at the image described
by Daniel, we may understand this same process as representing the
growth of the state.
Babylon used gold primarily, but
had a weight system in which trade was carried out by measurements,
such as shekel, half shekel, ephah, etc. It is quite interesting that
when Nebuchadnezzar's successor saw the "handwriting on the
wall," it said, in part, "you have been weighed in the
balance and found wanting."
Today we may think of this as a
symbolic scale of justice, but in that time, it was also the economic
process of trade.
A friend of mine from New
Caledonia named Conrad Hopman points out that it was the temple
priests who used young women as temple prostitutes to get favors from
travelers, usually in gold or gold trinkets, to further the power of
the priests. Thus the "whores of Babylon."
Not only was Babylon's power
limited by the use of one metal, but its process of weights and
measures allowed the development of the kingdom of Persia, which not
only added silver to the mix, thus expanding its power of trade, but
was also aided by the use of coinage, developed in Lydia. This
pre-measured coinage greatly facilitated trade and allowed expansion
of power for the Persian Kings.
Gradually, however, it was not
only the pre-weighed coins, but the realization that the "official
stamp" placed on a coin also gave it value. The Greek empire
used cheaper metals stamped with various images, including brass, and
the Romans realized that Caesar's image placed on the cheapest of
metals, even iron, would still allow them to confiscate property if
citizens had no such coinage.
With this cheapening process, the
power of state increased, causing the "etherializing" of money
to expand government power and control. Of course the iron of Rome
gave way to the ten nation confederacy represented by the toes of
iron mixed with clay.
In looking at the clay, I
speculated that today, clay is used as insulators for electric
transmission. But clay also has another component called sand, and
sand has a component called silicon. We know what silicon is used
for. Money has literally become "dirt cheap."
However, the book of Habakkuk has
another possible explanation for this clay of the ten toes. In
chapter 2, verse 6, it says:
"Shall not all these take up
a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say,
Woe to him that increaseth that which is not his! How long? And to
him that ladeth himself with thick clay!"
I checked the Hebrew of this
"clay" and discovered that it means a contract or loan, or
The basis of all transactions
today is loans, contracts, mortgages made at a rate of interest,
directly condemned repeatedly in the bible as "abominations"
condemned throughout the Old testament. The "clay"
described in Daniel 2 is a dry, clod-like clay, breaking up into
brittle pieces, an empire of debt dying.
While the bible has directly
condemned the use of interest or usury even in God's law, the world
today measures its economy in terms of interest, using interest rates
to slide "up" or "down" to regulate the economy
and collectivize the people. That is why the bible calls it an
abomination, because it takes away the people's power to rule
themselves as individuals.
Richard Dawkins Proves the Bible Right?
We're familiar with Richard Dawkins, the militant atheist. I like Dawkins. I enjoy his work. I'm glad he does attack the assumptions
people hold generally about the Bible.
But in fact, Dawkins may have provided the key insight as to why the Bible is actually true!
Let's look at his main thesis. he writes about something he calls
the genetic replicative algorithm. In other words, our need to
reproduce and protect that right of reproduction stems from the gene's
need to replicate itself.
According to Dawkins, this drive seeks exact replication from generation to generation, and in order to control that replication, it
must control its surrounding environment as much as possible. If the
genes in our body function to replicate themselves in a cooperative
way, it then becomes necessary for those cooperative genes to control
the external environment, the biological world in which our bodies grow
and produce more bodies, or as the Bible says "be fruitful".
If the main drive of our bodies interacting is to replicate
ourselves as nearly perfectly as possible, it stands to reason that any
social strategies we choose would seek to create rules and laws that
minimize choice and reduce our "reality" to a process closely adapted
to our environment. If our environment changes, our adaptive strategies
are endangered, so we seek to develop collective behaviors that control
our environment as much as possible.
This means socially that "deviant" behavior, one who acts too
much as an individual, would threaten the reproductive success of the
social system itself. Gradually, there had to develop strategies that
ensured a person would follow certain behaviors to guarantee collective
E.O. Wilson, the Sociobiologist who shares Dawkins fondness for
the collective behavior of genes, has stated that religion serves
genetic success because it establishes behavior in a social framework
in which there is a perfect, good, all powerful God who rewards our
social behavior as we get older. The "born again" experience that
occurs within fundamentalist religions in the US, says Wilson, are
actually rites of passage that tend to occur in many religions when a
person reaches the age of puberty, and begins to feel social/sexual
pressures which are not familiar to him/her.
In many religious communities, if a person is "born again" into
this social milieu, it guarantees that there will be marriage partners
available for future reference. It is a prospect of "genetic fitness".
There is another advantage to this. To the extent that the genes
can minimize differences, the greater their success for reproductive
fitness and interaction in the future. The more "you' are like "me",
and all others become similar, the greater our choices for reproductive
This need of exact replication may manifest by a process defined by two words, both of which actually mean the same thing:
1.narcissism, which is the linear extension of oneself into the environment
2.proselytizing zeal, which seeks the same goal.
As a further consequence, the idea of "heaven", an eternal and
unchanging place of bliss where there is no change, no stress, no need
to adapt, is the perfect goal for genes that need an unchanging
environment to reproduce themselves exactly!
The goal of societies, therefore, would not only be to minimize
decisions and changes in this environment, but to aim for that perfect
environment which is the extension and fulfillment of our genetic
We are conditioned to believe, by that process, that if many believe a thing to be true, the sheer number makes it so!
Eric Hoffer, in The True Believer,
described this process in the fifties, but it wasn't until Dawkins came
along that there could be a physical reason for Hoffer's conclusions.
"There is a certain uniformity in all types of dedication, of
faith, of pursuit of power, of unity and of self sacrifice. There are
vast differences in the contents of holy causes and doctrines, but a
certain uniformity in the factors which make them effective. He who,
like Pascal finds precise reasons for the effectiveness of Christian
doctrine has also found the reasons for the effectiveness of Communist,
Nazi and nationalist doctrine. However different the holy causes people
die for, they perhaps die basically for the same thing."
That "same thing "is the genetic replicative algorithm! Also, in regard to proselytizing, Hoffer writes:
"Whence comes the impulse to proselytize? Intensity of conviction
is not the main factor which impels a movement to spread its faith to
the four corners of the earth...Nor is the impulse to proselytize an
expression of an overabundance of power which as Bacon has it 'Is like
a great flood, that which will be sure to overflow'.
"The missionary zeal seems rather an expression of some deep
misgiving, some pressing feeling of insufficiency at the center.
proselytizing is more a passionate search for something not yet found
than a desire to bestow upon the world something we already have".
This would obviously be the result of the genetic replicative
algorithm. If the genes create the need for a linear extension of
ourselves into the environment, it must employ certain factors that
make it successful. For this, the process is not only linear, but
mechanical. It "seeks" to reduce all collective behavior into a process
in which individuals are less important than the "greater good".
Philip Slater offers a key insight into this in the book EarthWalk
that a mechanical response in the face of danger had no value until men
began to make war on each other. In other words, each individual
develops a "numbness" to his own individual life in pursuit of a
collective goal. If you are tempted to "chicken out' in this, a perfect
heaven awaits you in your effort. This is the ultimate "numbing"
experience in which we seek that which is beyond life itself as a
reward for the sacrifice of our lives here on earth.
"Mechanistic knowledge of the physiology of the body, for
example, is an excellent device for blunting awareness of one's own
bodily responses and their relation to environmental stimuli. treating
the body as an object takes one out of the body and hence out of the
environment> This enables someone in an anxiety-laden setting to
take a pill instead of yelling or running out of the room, but this in
turn increases the possibility that whatever is amiss in that room will
not be corrected, thus requiring further 'anesthesia' ".
We see here a cooperative relationship between genes, proselytizing, narcissism, war, and the machine.
Hoffer refers to this in The True Believer
as "estrangement from the self". If we are to become part of something
greater and more wonderful than ourselves, wrote Hoffer, then we must
assume that our individual lives are worth less than the collective
"life" of the group. A wonderful genetic strategy!
Again from Slater:
"The objectification of morality makes it possible for an
individual to feel moral or assuage guilt by conforming to a set of
abstract rules even in the process of committing all sorts of
Of course Hoffer has his own parallel:
"When we see the bloodshed, terror and destruction born of such
generous enthusiasms as the love of God, love of Christ, love of a
nation, compassion or the oppressed and so on, we usually blame this
shameful perversion on a cynical, power-hungry leadership. Actually, it
is the unification set in motion by these enthusiasms, rather than the
manipulations of a scheming leadership, that transmutes noble impulses
into a reality of hatred and violence. The deindividualization which
is prerequisite for thorough integration and selfless dedication is
also, to a considerable extent, process of dehumanization. The torture
chamber is a corporate institution."
If we are "estranged" from our personal lives and the personal
meaning of that life, it becomes easier to take the lives of others,
since ours is of little importance. Consequently, we can kill, torture,
and maim, all in the name of love. From that perspective, all is easily
traced to the genetic replicative algorithm. "Universal love" creates a
fitting environment for a gene pool that requires a minimum of change.
The term "narcissism" obviously comes from the myth of Narcissus,
who beheld his image in a pool and could not tear himself away from it.
he recognized it not as himself, but as an extension of himself, so
perfect it finally caused him to die. You will also note this as the
root word for "narcotic", narcosis", a deadening or numbing of oneself
in order to accept the larger extension of that abstract, linear self
into the environment.
Technology, writes Marshall McLuhan, in Understanding Media,
causes this process of numbing, since the use of technology becomes an
extension of our bodies and brains, and there is an effect of "local
anesthesia" on the part of the body most affected.
The alphabet, the very words you read now, for example, provide a
linear technology of thought. One letter after another, one word after
another, one paragraph, etc, allow for the development of a technology
of thought based on interchangeable parts, not that much different from
our genetic replicative algorithm. From this perspective, it is not
surprising that advancing technology, overpowering our process to make
personal decisions, will cause us to seek drugs as a form of counter
stress to the stress of technology.
Alvin Toffler, in Future Shock, points out that technology
produces cults and sub-cults, as it reduces the decisions we have to
make in order to cope with changes of technology. It should also not be
surprising in such circumstances, that both drugs and religion are
reinforcing in order to deal with accelerating change.
The Bible refers to this need for continual growth as
"leavening." Jesus said "beware of the leaven of the Pharisees." Sin
itself is referred to as leaven. This "leavening" process actually
feels good to people because it allows them to bury themselves in the
crowd, to become one with all (as the old joke goes, a Zen Buddhist
walks up to a hot dog vendor and says "Make me one with everything").
Meditation is big business because it allows us to eliminate the self,
reach a state of peace and harmony. It's a successful business that
literally teaches us nothing, and says so!
Jesus, however, had different ideas, as you see from Matthew
10:34-38, and in his teachings which said "straight is the way...and
few there be that find it. Not choose it. Find it. Jesus' message was
that we can't choose it, it's not given (Matt 13:11, John 6:44) and
Paul followed up by telling us we have no decision process to get us
there (Ephesians 2:8-10, Romans 8:7, 8:29-30, Romans 9:16-22).
The only purpose served by such efforts as mainstream religion and government is to make a good breeding ground. Literally!
As the great writer Ayn Rand said, men offer you a poison that
kills the individual, and as antidote, they give you another poison
that kills the individual. Heads, you lose, and tails you lose.
Truth, said Jesus, is sharper than a two-edged sword. If it cuts
through religion by the use of reason, it will equally cut through
government, since both are created by the reasoning of the same human
mind, and for the same general purpose of growth and replication. The
message is "Come out of her, my people." The "spirit of truth" is
about you as an individual, a human being, not a cog in the machine.
The Bible and Traffic Court
Okay, you're looking at the judge, and you've just been charged
with some silly law like driving down the road with no seat belt or
five miles per hour over the speed limit. As you approach the judge,
you might say "What's the use? I might as well plead guilty and get
this over with."
First off, as I stated earlier, you have the right to a
presumption of innocence. That actually comes with the guaranteed
protection of Isaiah 54:17. You also have the right to face your
accuser, as stated in Isaiah 50:8. You have the right to face no less
than two witnesses, which comes from Deuteronomy 19:15, and also from
Jesus' teaching in Matthew 18:15-18.
You further have the right to be judged by a jury for the "smallest things" in 1 Corinthians chapter 6.
As you stand there, you should realize that you face a situation
in which your accuser is in service to the state, sworn to uphold the
laws of the state. So is the prosecutor and judge. In other words,
your accuser is the state.
But think about this: since you are guaranteed the protection of
"righteousness" by God in Isaiah 54:17, and since the state recognizes
God's sovereignty, how is it that the state can be your accuser?
The history of "due process" as mentioned in the Fifth and
Fourteenth Amendments, refers all the way back to Magna Carta, and is
defined as "lawful judgement of your peers." But there is an even more
interesting definition of due process given by Jesus himself:
Matthew 5:18: "Till heaven and earth shall pass, one jot ore one
tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled."
Think about this as it applies to a court of law. Judges,
prosecutors, and law officers are asked to swear on the Bible as they
take their jobs. In fact, the prosecutor is allowed to prosecute on his
oath of office.
By their own oath, and especially if they are profess to be Christians, they are bound to observe every jot and tittle that pertains to your case!
We already know from above what some "jots and tittles" include, but let's look at some more pertaining to traffic court:
Isaiah 29:20-21: "For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:
"That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare
for him that reproveth in the gate (courtrooms. References to "gate" in
this context means a place where people were tried for alleged
offenses), and turn aside the just for a thing of nought."
Unclear? How about Jeremiah 5:26: "For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that setteth snares; they set a trap, they catch men.
"As a cage is full of birds, so is their cages full of deceit."
What about traffic court itself? You're standing before the state
which has accused you, and now will remove money from your pocket book.
Look down at verse 31: "The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priest bear rule by their means (by their own power), and my people love to have it so."
You will notice that this description
of trial was very similar to the trial of Jesus. He was brought before
the priests, and the priests judged him according to the will of the
people, not according to the violation or harming of any other person.
Two witnesses could not be found, and the priest himself declared
Jesus' statements to be blasphemy, while even Talmudic scholars today
say there was no blasphemy in his statements.
In other words, Jesus was accused by "the people" (the state),
and was not presumed innocent according to his own law. Every jot and
tittle was not examined and he was put to death.
An interesting description of this type of proceeding is also
found in Habakkuk 1:13-15: "...Wherefore lookest thou upon them that
deal treacherously, and holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth
the man that is more righteous than he?"
"And makest men as the fishes of the sea, as the creeping things, that have no ruler over them?"
"They take up all men with the angle, they catch them in their net, and gather them in their drag (dragnet): therefore they rejoice and are glad."
Two thousand years of history show the worship of a man who was
tried and put to death, who committed no crime, no "sin" that was to be
found by unbiased witnesses. Our entire legal process of the
presumption of innocence is based on the life of that man who died so
that we may not have to pay that penalty, and yet, even though the
Bible itself is introduced as the book on which we are asked to swear,
we cannot use that very word to show our innocence before the state?
Hogwash! Traffic court is a scam! It's nothing more than a form of
Admiralty Courts which the colonists despised, and introduced the 6th
Amendment to prevent such injustice from ever happening! It's time we
reminded the courts of what "due process" actually means!
Who is Babylon the Great?
The book of Revelation tells of
"Mystery Babylon" that will rule at the end time. Many were
convinced once that it must have been Saddam Hussein, since Iraq
formerly was Babylon, but who is it, really?
Since it is called mother of
harlots and abomination s of the earth, why not look at it from a
We know from the prophecy of Daniel 2
that Babylon would be the first of a succession of empires that would
use cheaper forms of currency, right up until the final empire, which
would be a confederacy composed partly of iron and of clay. If you
read my earlier essay on Daniel 2, you know what I'm writing about.
Some have argued that it is the
Catholic Church who is the "false prophet" of the
"beast/prophet" duo of Revelation, but really, who is the
"mother" of all these religions that have spawned from its
single source? Who could be a "harlot" from a Biblical
How about the nation of Israel?
Deuteronomy 4:35 points out that God dealt only with Israel, and Amos
3:2 says that Israel was the only one of all the families of the
earth with whom God dwelt. Jeremiah 3;14 says God was married to
Israel, and they were unfaithful to him, so who really has a direct
biblically proven connection to God? Well, Israel.
But why connect Israel to
Babylon? Historian Max DiMont tells us that when Cyrus of
Persia allowed Israel to return to Palestine, the majority of Jews
chose to stay in Babylon and sponsored the return of other Jews who
wished to return to their homeland. Why? As DiMont writes, the Jews
of Babylon had become quite successful by living along the trade
routes of Babylon, and were satisfied with their wealth.
What many do not know, however,
is that the Talmud, which is the oral law of the Jews, as a written
commentary on the Torah, is recognized as having its origin in
Babylon. The Talmud was a "final' oral commentary that followed
the Mishna, Gemara, resulting finally in the Talmud. This evolution
from Mishna to Talmud is aptly described by Louis Ginzberg as quoted
in DiMont's book "The Indestructible Jews":
"The development of
commerce and trade under the Hasmonean rulers peremptorily called for
the building up of a code of civil law. The few rules found in
scripture bearing on this branch of the law were not sufficient and
could not be made so, not even by the most subtle reasoning of the
cleverest interpretation. The time was certainly ripe for
legislation. Every student of the history of jurisprudence knows that
great as are the possibilities of interpretation, an old code has
limits beyond which it cannot be stretched. When the breaking point
is reached, legislation comes to the rescue (sound familiar?)...
But how dare one tamper with sacred scripture, in which the Divine
Will is revealed? The sages and scholars [formed] a new
code--they created the Mishna"
Mishna developed as a
result of legislation needed for trade and commerce. Later the Gemara
was added, according to DiMont as commentary on the text of Mishna.
But it was the Talmud which finally became the commentary recognised
by Jews as the official commentary on Torah, and it derived its
authority from Babylonian origins. By the tenth century, writes
DiMont, the Talmud had become the "common law" of the
diaspora. Notice that the law was not Torah itself, but the Talmud,
which had evolved as a result of the human commentaries on the Torah.
It is interesting also to note
from the Free Mason book titled "Morals And Dogma", that:
"The dominant system among
the Jews after their captivity was that of the Pharoschim or
Pharisee. Whether their name was derived from that of Parsees, or
followers of Zoroaster, or from some other source, it is certain they
had borrowed much of their doctrine from the Persians. Like them they
claimed to have the exclusive and mysterious knowledge, unknown to
the mass...They styled themselves Interpreters; a name indicating
their claim to the exclusive possession of the true meaning of the
Holy Writings, by virtue of the oral traditions which Moses had
received at MT Sinai."
You will remember from Matthew
23:1 that Jesus admitted the scribes and Pharisees sat in "Moses'
seat". It was also in that chapter that Jesus condemned them as
hypocrites. he further warned his disciples against the "leaven
of the Pharisees", who taught "for commandments the
traditions of men". What an excellent description of Talmud!
It was the Pharisees who finally
eliminated all competitive religious views from Judaism and became
the dominant system of thought. It was also the Pharisees who
developed the rabbinical priesthood who were seen as the true
spokesmen of God's word and the Talmud. They and the scribes of
Jesus' day were the lawyers and legal experts.
This evolution of Talmudic law,
writes DiMont, introduced new methods of doing business based on
credit and negotiable securities instead of gold on the barrel head.
Whereas Roman law had held that indebtedness was personal and that
creditors could not sell a note of indebtedness to someone else,
Talmudic law recognized impersonal credit arrangements. Talmudic law
held that a debt had to be paid to whoever had honestly acquired a
debtor's note...There is clear evidence that these new easy
credit arrangements, and the Talmudic laws enforcing the honoring of
notes and debentures, led to the coming of international capitalism."
DiMont further points out that
concepts of common law and due process were shaped in the tenth
century by Maimonides, and that trade and civil law was introduced to
the Anglo Saxons by Jews whom William the Conqueror has brought along
for that very purpose.
Jesus himself had specifically
warned against the Pharisees, and it was the Pharisees who had
gradually developed an international system that would begin to
facilitate growth by the development of credit schemes that evolved
into modern day banking.
And returning to the final empire
described in Daniel chapter 2, we see the iron mixed with clay. And
what is the clay? Perhaps Habakkuk 2:6 might give a clue:
"Shall not all these take up a
parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, woe
to him that increaseth that which is not his! How long? And to him
that ladeth himself with thick clay".
This reference to "clay"
according to the Hebrew, refers to pledges, notes of debt, credit.
It was the Pharisees of whom Jesus warned us. It was the Pharisees
who developed traditions of men that substituted for commandments of
But during Jesus' life, the
Talmud and its laws had to be somehow reconciled to give it a force
of truth. The rabbi Hillel, who was a contemporary of Jesus,
developed what became known as the "Seven Laws" of thought
that would properly interpret human concepts of the Talmud. From this
disciplined concept of laws, the Pharisees would derive their proper
understanding of the Torah.
The rabbis, trained in these
concepts, would become the interpreters who would sit in "Moses'
But we see Jesus telling us to
call no man master, or rabbi, or father. We see Jesus condemning the
practices of the Pharisees and warning against the "leavening"
of the Pharisees. Even further, as Hillel had claimed a logical
process that properly defined human understanding of God's law, Paul
had written that the natural mind was enmity against God's law and
could not be subject to it(Romans 8:7).
It was at this point that a great
revolution occurred. Was a person right in refusing to acknowledge
the authority of other men? Jesus said to call no man master or
rabbi. The rabbis themselves claimed the right to properly interpret
the laws of God according to logic and reason.
The Pharisees themselves have
evolved through the ages, as shown by historians. Modern banking has
evolved to challenge the practice of loaning at interest, "usury",
in direct violation of God's statements of Exodus 22:25. Leviticus
25:36-37, Deuteronomy 23:19-20, Nehemiah 5:7, Isaiah 24:2, and on the
Today, we are looking at a system
of trade that developed from Babylon and came to be a part of the
whole world system of commerce, a system that "fornicated with
the kings of the earth". It is a system of false prophets who
will deceive the whole world, and how best to deceive someone? By
operating from within the most sacred and cherished institutions,
actually appearing to the source of goodness, when all along it is
the very opposite.
Who is "Babylon the Great"?
Where does the evidence point?
Does God Exist?
One of the most interesting debates I
heard recently was on Youtube, called the Bahnsen-Stein debate on the
question, "Does God Exist?"
Bahnsen, the one who proposes
that God exists, offers not proof, but an intriguing statement: How
can you know anything if there is no God to reveal the knowledge to
The atheist arguments should
dispose of this, right? After all, we have no empirical proof
whatever of God's existence, so, with no proof, we can offer no need
to believe in God.
Ah, says Bahnsen, that is exactly
why God exists! Yes, you heard it right! God exists precisely because
there is no empirical way to prove the existence of a non-material
being, so there is no way for you to know what you know unless God
was there to create you as a reality.
What do you offer as denial? If
you rightly claim that there exists no empirical proof of the
existence of God at all, Bahnsen simply says, "That is no proof
that God does not exist, since in making the statement "there is
no proof" you are depending on circular reasoning, stating your
own reason as the reason why God can't exist!
This, says Bahsen, is "question
begging", or circular reasoning, equal to saying "This is
so because I say so".
And where does Bahnsen's
arguments take us next? Well, since the universe is composed of
invariant physical laws, and those laws themselves are non-material,
that in itself demonstrates the existence of a non-material God who
Are there invariant physical laws
of the universe? Are they non-material? How do we know? Well, by the
process of proof. But if such laws exist, is that in itself not proof
of an invariant, non-material God who made them?
But how do you know, asks the
atheist. How do you not know, answers Bahnsen, since the laws of
cause and effect demand a beginning of the cause. Something
non-material must have created the non-material laws!
The atheist is trapped now
because he has to admit that all the empirical proofs he has to offer
cannot be considered either complete or consistent in any absolute
sense, so maybe there actually is something else that did create it.
This little twist of reasoning is quite interesting, because there
simply is no way of proving whether Bahnsen is correct, and that,
says Bahnsen, is proof of his correctness!
All right, so where do we go from
there? Bahnsen says his "proof" is contained in Romans
"For the wrath of God is
revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of
men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
"Because that which may be
known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it to them.
For the invisible things of him from
the foundation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the
things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead, so that
they are without excuse".
Well, there it is, right? "Proof"
that God has revealed himself to all men so they are absolutely
Before you laugh, that is what he
states as proof! If you say "I know better, because there isn't
even proof", he'll say, "It's not about proof, it's about
revelation, and God has revealed himself to you so that any denial is
the willful suppression of God's revelation"!
Quite likely, you'll have 2Thessalonians 2:11 thrown at you. God has deluded you because you
choose to believe a lie! You may ask "How do you know it's not
you who believes the lie?" He may answer "Because I
believe in God, and you don't".
It all boils down to what Richard
Dawkins called "narney narney nar, nar!"
So, if you tell him to go and
have a romantic interlude with himself, he'll respond by saying that
you are simply denying the revelation of God! There are people who
fall for this, hook, line, and sinker! You are a non-believer,
because you deny the revelation of God!
However, what he denies in this
is that Deuteronomy 4:35 tells us plainly and specifically that God
has chosen to reveal himself to Israel, and no others. Look at Paul's
statement in Romans 1:19, and compare it to Deuteronomy 4:35.
First, Paul's statement: ..."for
God hath shewed it to them"
Now, Deuteronomy 4;35: "Unto
thee it was shewed..." To whom? Israel. Even more
directly, we have Amos 3:2: "You only(Israel)have I known of all
the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your
So, who was "without
excuse"? Israel. Who was directly shown? Israel. If Paul had
stated that God had revealed himself to all the world so they had no
excuse, obviously there would be some kind of evidence it was shown,
but there is none. No empirical proof whatever, and Paul has shown
that his own statement is consistent with the empirical data. The
only ones to whom God had shown himself was Israel, and it was "them"
to whom Paul referred.
But if you simply back up to
Romans 1:17, you see the obvious contradiction to Bahnsen's
"For therein is the
righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written,
'the just shall live by faith'".
So, we have the "just"
living by faith, while the evil and ungodly have the power of God
revealed, so they are without excuse!
Assuming that all were once sinners,
and that they were considered "evil" at some time, wouldn't
they still know that God had revealed himself? Do you get
dumber if you "accept Christ"?
From all evidence, it would seem
The Fourteenth Amendment
The 14th amendment says that
all persons born or naturalized in the US and subject to the
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the US and the state wherein
Of course, there seems to be a
qualifying clause "and subject to the jurisdiction
thereof". This is said to apply to Indian or those having a
pre-existing culture. What, exactly, would a pre-existing culture be?
The key here is the recognition
of the fact of birth in these territories creating a condition of
citizenship. Must it therefore be assumed that just because we are
born in these territories we are citizens?
No. A pre-existing culture
existed, to which we are a par, if we so choose, and is fully
recognized by the Constitution.
"But as many as received him, to
them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that
believe on his name:
"Which were born, not of
blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man,
but of God".(John 1:12-13)
That is, quite plainly and
simply, that if you so choose, you can be born "of God"
outside of any government created by the "will of man".
We know that the Constitution is
created by the will of man, because it says so ply in the Preamble,
"We The People...."
Whatever the will of the people
ordain, therefore, is subject to the choice of any individual to the
contrary. This is stated in the 1st Amendment. Congress shall make no
law respecting the establishment of religion, nor prohibiting
free exercise thereof".
That is, the citizenship clause
of the 14th Amendment is only applicable by choice. If I choose it
so, then it is so.
Any contract entered
into by the US, whether contracts of driver's license or any other
such contract must either state the right of an individual to reject
that obligation, or it is based on fraud.
This right is challenged by
the due process clause of the same amendment, which is also part of
the 5th Amendment.
As you know, the due
process clause of the 5th Amendment states that no person can be
forced to offer testimony against himself. If any person entered
into a contract with the government, state or otherwise, and that
contract was used to cause an individual to be prosecuted, then
the state and federal government stand in violation of the
To deprive any person of life,
liberty, or property without due process of law is to ignore the same
due process that includes the right against self incrimination. To
declare a person a citizen when he has the pre-existing right to
chose otherwise, and to declare him subject to a violation by virtue
of a contract with the state, is to incriminate that person without
due process. he is not "subject to the jurisdiction" unless
he claims it, and jurisdiction is achieved by the use of the oath,
either when you accept your license, or when you go to court. That is
how jurisdiction was achieved from ancient times, using oaths of
The 9th Amendment tells us that
the rights enumerated in the Constitution cannot be construed to
disparage or deny other rights retained by the people. One of those
rights has as been to deny citizenship if the individual wishes,
under "higher" citizenship before God.
Since all fifty states recognize the
sovereignty of God, they cannot deny you this claim.
Substantive Due Process
It is said by the legal experts that
the first use of "substantive due process" used by the
Supreme Court was in the "Dred Scott" case, where Chief
Justice Taney said it was a violation of due process to assume that a
slave (property) was freed once he traveled to a state that was free.
Certainly the only reference to
"due process" to which Taney could have referred, and the
only due process to which he was empowered to refer, was
Constitutional due process, which is NOT due process as listed in the
5th amendment! By defining it later as "substantive due
process" legal experts were actually saying that Taney took the
concept of due process under the 5th amendment, which actually
protected individuals from federal power, and defined it as applying
to property. (Fugitive slave law, Article 4).
In fact, that was the only
conclusion which Taney was empowered to give, since he was sworn to
uphold the US Constitution. He could render no other decision under
"due process" of Constitutional law.
But due process of federal,
Constitutional law, is not due process as defined in the 5th
amendment. It is defined, and has long been recognized, as stated by
Justice Story, as preexisting the Constitution and coming from Magna
Carta. Due process of common law, said Story, declares that any
slave who escapes to a free territory or state is to be made free
once he or she reaches that state.
As Story wrote in his
Commentaries, "It is well known that, at the common
law, a slave escaping into a state, where slavery is not allowed,
would immediately become free, and could not be reclaimed."
Where does this common law ruling
come from? Deuteronomy 23:15: "Thou shalt not deliver unto his
master the servant (slave) which is escaped from his master unto thee:
"He shall dwell with thee, even
among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates,
where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him."
Taney could not offer judgment on
this aspect of due process, since he was not empowered by the
Constitution to do so. It would be ridiculous for the founders to
offer due process of law, which is defined as "lawful judgment
of peers, or law of the land" which is defined by Justice Story
as common law, and then tell the Supreme Court "You can define
due process as you see fit."
Due process of law, common law,
is not subject to Supreme Court discretion!
Since the fugitive slave law
forced slaves to be returned to their masters, it was a violation of
both common law and God's law as the courts then recognized God's
law. That being so, the 1st amendment forbade congress from making
any law that prohibited the free exercise of religion. The state
courts which had declared Scott free were correct under common law
ruling, and Taney had no authority to rule otherwise, since it was
according to both common law and God's law, not to mention the famous
phrase of the Declaration of Independence, "We hold these truths
to be self evident..."
So, in declaring the right of
equality in his revered Gettysburg Address, Lincoln stated that "our
fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation conceived in
liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created
What Lincoln called a
proposition, Jefferson called a self evident truth. When Lincoln
declared "four score and seven years ago" he pointed us
directly to 1776, not 1789. In fact, in the speech, Lincoln
correctly declared that slaves were free by virtue of the common law,
NOT the Constitution, which had ratified the fugitive slave law in
violation of the common law.
However, in making this
declaration, Lincoln nullified his authority as president, and
declared a moral authority higher than man made law. But if God
created all men equal, and Lincoln declared a moral right above the
Constitution, then we clearly have that same example to guide us
today as equals before the law. Not "under" the law, but
BEFORE the law.
What Lincoln declared, and what
was honored via the Civil War, was exactly the same right before the
US Constitution that Jefferson had earlier declared before the laws
of England. Due Process preexisted the Constitution.
So, since the U.S. Supreme Court
was created by the Constitution, it clearly has no power over due
process of law, other than procedural due process as dictated by the
This separation between the
"privileges and immunities" of citizenship, and the rights
of due process are clearly shown in the 14th amendment. The same due
process clause that had limited the power of federal government now
limited the power of state government, showing a power of law
existing OUTSIDE of both state and federal law.
Therefore, you can claim
privileges and immunities under state and federal citizenship, or you
can declare RIGHTS under due process. The rights you possess under
due process exist outside state or federal control, since due process
preexisted the US Constitution.
The next issue is, does the due
process clause of the 14th amendment "incorporate" the 1st
It has been argued that the 1st
amendment, now applied as restraints against both state and federal
power, must be included under the due process clause of the 14th
because there is no process of law allowed at all under the 1st
That, however, is simply not
Right to face accusers (Isaiah 50:8)
Presumption of innocence (Isaiah 54:17)
Two witnesses required in all
accusations (Deuteronomy 19:15)
Protection against perjury (Deut. 19:19)
Entrapment (Jeremiah 5:26-31. Habakkuk
Right of search warrant under
oath (Isaiah 29:21. No one can be prosecuted "for a word.")
Right of privacy, private
property (Deuteronomy 24:10-11)
Right against zoning, control of
property by vote (Micah 2:5)
Protection against laws made by
majority rule (Exodus 23:2)
Right to settle out of court (Matthew
5:25, Matthew 18:15-18)
Trial by jury (1 Corinthians 6)
All governments subject to the power of
God (Romans 13)
Since Jesus himself authorized
all settlements out of court, and that "two ore three" will
be recognized such that "whatever you bind on earth will be
bound in heaven," due process can be applied by ANY COMMUNITY
OUTSIDE FEDERAL AND STATE AUTHORITY!
"Lawful judgment of peers"
requires only two or three (after the two witness rule Deuteronomy
Jesus defined due process in
Matthew 5:18: "one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from
the law, till all be fulfilled."
You are not bound by the
jurisdiction of any court except by your own sworn oath, which Jesus
says you should not do (Matt 5:34, James 5:12.)
If you do swear an oath in the
courtroom, it becomes inquisitional instead of accusatorial, and
inquisitional law is recognized as ecclesiastical law. So, under
oath, if you declare that God is your witness, make sure the judge
lets you use the verses above as your witness!
Illegal Search and Seizure
"Due process" of law begins at the point any search warrant is
issued, and no person can be made to incriminate him/her self. If a
person cannot incriminate him/her self, then certainly the law cannot
act of its own authority to invade anyone's privacy on suspicion,
unless the safety or property of another is violated or threatened.
Reading through Yale Law professor Akhil Reed Amar's book on the Bill of Rights, I get some interesting insights regarding search and
For example the 4th amendment statement that "No warrant
shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or
The phrase "no warrant shall issue" is a prohibition
against warrants altogether, except in cases of extreme necessity.
"A warrant issued by a judge or a magistrate--a permanent
government official, on the government payroll--has had the effect of
taking a later trespass action away from a jury of ordinary citizens.
Because juries could often be trusted more than judges to protect
against government overreaching, warrants were generally DISFAVORED(
"No warrants shall issue...)"
As I wrote earlier, warrants we NOT TO BE ISSUED EXCEPT BY OATH
OR AFFIRMATION. Actually, this very provision within the 4th
amendment actually does permit lawsuit against a police power for
trespass, since the book on which the oath was taken
explicitly forbids making "a man an offender for a word(Isaiah
Within that same chapter of Isaiah we see the spirit of the
constitution herein described. "And the vision of all is become
unto you as the words of a book that is sealed..."(verse 11).
And in verse 16 we see "Surely your turning of things
upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay, for shall
the work say of him that made it, he made me not, or shall the thing
framed say of him that framed it, he hath no understanding?"
Who made the constitution? We the people. Who framed it? We the
people. Who ordained it? We the people.
Therefore, by authority of the oath or affirmation(since all
states recognize the sovereignty of God) the government is forbidden
from making a man "an offender for a word".
Once a warrant is issued by oath or affirmation, and it must
be, according to law, it is STILL subject to criminal lawsuit, as is
the one who issued it, by virtue of the very book on which the oath
That is the implication of the words "No warrant shall
issue..." No judge or magistrate can be granted immunity outside
the 4th amendment for a wrongful warrant.
As we see further in Jeremiah 5:31, judges are not to rule by
their own power, representing "the people" in their
While Jeremiah 5:31 refers to "priests", it was the priests
who were in charge of procedure within the law. It was not in
their power to determine what the law should say, nor was it up to
the people to decide by majority vote to punish a person who had
harmed no one.
Exodus 23:2 expresses the same principle.
The principle of vindication by God for the accused(Isaiah
54:17) is actually shifted from "God" to "We the
people". Jesus and Paul's teachings tell us to
refrain from judgment or condemnation of others. Vengeance, "an
eye for an eye", is removed from the power of the people, so
that all criminal accusations must go before the people FIRST, and
THEN the government has power to convict on the approval of the
By tying all warrants to oath or affirmation, no individual can
stand apart from lawsuit for unlawful warrant. The reason for this
was foreseen by the founders, as Amar points out. If warrants were to
be issued strictly on the authority of judge or magistrate, "the
government could forum shop; if only a single magistrate were lazy or
abusive, cynical officers would know where to go to get an easy
warrant. Judges and warrants are the heavies, not the heroes..."
I had a good friend who died recently, who worked as a
magistrate, and finally quit because he was constantly pressured into
granting a warrant when the evidence simply did not warrant the
search. He took a job as a newspaper delivery person to get away from
By the authority of the oath, the people themselves are bound
to look at any arrest by search warrant, and judge as to its
legitimacy. "No warrant shall issue...."
As Amar points out: "The court has simply misread the
original linkage between the Fourth Amendment's two different
commands. It is not that a search or a seizure without a warrant was
presumptively unreasonable, as the Court has assumed; rather, an
overbroad warrant lacking probable cause or specificity--in other
words, a general warrant--was per se unreasonable in part because it
unjustifiably displaced the proper role of the jury".
By placing all warrants under oath or affirmation, the ruling
merely pointed the judge or magistrate BACK TO A HIGHER AUTHORITY,
which forbade convictions "for a word".
This, in fact, pointed back to "prior restraint" as
mentioned in the First Amendment. Amar writes:
"Just as judges were barred ex ante from restraining the press
while civil and criminal juries ex post could impose sanctions on
publishers, so here judges and magistrates acting before a search
were much more strictly limited than juries acting afterwards".
In the same sense that freedom of speech was protected from
prior restraint, so was freedom from unlawful search protected from
search warrants that "restrained in advance" an individual
There was no protection against warrantless searches, but any
warrant WAS subject to jury examination AFTER THE FACT. This was
guaranteed by the wording in Isaiah 29:21. There would be no
convictions "for a word".
About the author: As for background, I left the WCG in 1974, following Ernest Martin in the "big split" from the South Carolina church (Charlotte-Greenville). Joined the marines (big mistake) at the urging of a neighbor, spent two years at a local community college, where I was on the Dean's List, and during the late 80's I was the organizing editor/publisher of a worldwide economics forum by "snail mail" called the Economics "M2M" (Many to Many, a forerunner
of today's Internet forums.) I encouraged at least three books from different authors on economic history and alternative economics that seek to by-pass the Federal Reserve and restore power to communities, and became a friend of Tom Greco, helping to promote his first book, "Money And Debt - A Solution To the Global Crisis". Tom recently finished a book on community based economic systems called "The End of Money And the Future of Civilization." His web page is http://www.reinventingmoney.com/
"Ralph was known as Doojie at "The Church of Doojie"